Introduction world health organization (who) defined female genital mutilation (fgm) as “all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons” many countries throughout the globe perform it: western, eastern, and. 3 female genital mutilation (fgm): a councillor's guide introduction female genital mutilation (fgm) is a serious form of child abuse and violence against women and girls, and a violation of human rights it has been illegal in this country since 1985 and councils have a statutory duty to safeguard children and protect and. Abstract and introduction abstract female genital cutting affects over 140 million women worldwide prevalent in certain countries of africa and the middle east, the practice continues among immigrants to industrialized countries female genital cutting is a deeply rooted tradition that confers honor on a woman and her. Introduction female genital cutting/mutilation (fgc/m) refers to a range of ritualistic or traditional practices involving the cutting and removal of the female sexual organs, usually of girls between the ages of four and eight these procedures can lead to serious short and long-term health.
Introduction female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision is defined by the world health organization ( who) as “all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons . The research aims to shed light on the needs of migrant women coming from female genital mutilation practising countries, women who experienced fgm, as well in parliament proposing the introduction of a specific law banning fgm/c the bill aimed to outlaw the practice of fgm/c performed against maltese citizens or. Keywords: female genital mutilation, medicalization, egypt, social norms, social interactions, peer effects jel: i15, i18, j13, r29, z18 1 introduction female genital mutilation (fgm)1 is the traditional practice in some cultures of removing the whole or part of the external female genitalia of girls, from infancy to 15 years of.
Introduction to female circumcision: the controversial practice of genital mutilation or fgm is traditionally performed on women is widely practiced in gambia particularly away from the urban areas and in the up-river rural areas. Female genital mutilation (fgm) is a collective term for procedures, which include the removal of part or all of the external female genitalia for cultural or other new mandatory reporting duty for professionals introduction of mandatory recording of fgm cases within the nhs in england publication of new prevalence data. All other operations on the female genitalia, including: pricking, piercing, stretching, or incision of the clitoris and/or labia cauterization by burning the clitoris and surrounding tissues incisions to the vaginal wall scraping (angurya cuts) or cutting (gishiri cuts) of the vagina and surrounding tissues and introduction of. Introduction having grown in an environment that female genital mutilation is still taken as a seriously as a bridge to maturity and womanhood makes you think twice about what should be done i grew up in a village where female circumcision was and is still practised i saw my friends and my elder sister after they had.
Female genital mutilation (fgm) is of growing concern to health care providers in the united states and canada as more women from countries where the procedure is practiced emigrate to north america an introduction to the demographics of fgm, including prevalence rates, is a necessary antecedent for understanding. Introduction to female genital mutilation (fgm) this content can only be seen by logged in users login here facebook twitter youtube email copyright © 2018 uefgm powered by wordpress theme: spacious by themegrill home press room faq contact us terms & conditions imprint. Female genital mutilation is a problem which affects over 100 million women around the world female genital mutilation is done for reasons which include religion and economics on girls in various parts of africa and the middle east this page will provide you with an introduction to female genital mutilation, what. Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia the practice is found in africa, asia and the middle east, and within communities from countries in which fgm is common unicef estimated in 2016.
Introduction female genital cutting (fgc), which has also been called female cir- cumcision, is a procedure that has existed for over 2,000 years and is practiced worldwide in many different cultures for a variety of reasons it is defined as the “medically unnecessary modification of female geni- tals” (council on. Female circumcision/genital cutting introduction female circumcision usually involves the cutting or removal of the clitoris this area of the genitals is very sensitive because it contains the most nerve endings genital cutting is a painful practice that is often poorly carried out, and endangers the health and lives of millions of. Introduction female genital cutting, also known as female circumcision or genital mutilation, is a culturally determined practice, predominantly performed in parts of africa and asia and affecting more than 125 million women and girls worldwide [1,2] immigration patterns have caused clinicians. Introduction female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c) refers to several different harmful practices involving the cutting of the female genitals the united nations children‟s fund (unicef) estimates that each year three million girls undergo fgm/c on the african continent alone 1 fgm/c is recognised as a violation.
Multisectoral academic training guide on female genital mutilation/cutting directoras adriana kaplan y laura nuño gómez coordinadoras magaly thill y nora salas seoane. Stephanie whitelaw, designated nurse for safeguarding children & young people is the trafford lead for female genital mutilation (fgm) email: stephanie [email protected] what is female genital mutilation (fgm) female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female circumcision or female genital cutting, is defined.
Introduction female genital mutilation (fgm) is a procedure which involves partial or total removal of the external female genital organs the world health organisation recognises degrees of severity of mutilation: a) clitoridectomy or ' sunna' in which the hood of the clitoris and surrounding tissue are removed b) excision. Implementation of laws on fgm in europe 45 lessons learned and recommendations from the capacity building workshops 51 belgium 52 france 53 spain 54 sweden 55 uk 58 instrument to assess governments' performance towards stopping female genital mutilation 61 introduction 62 methodology of. Introduction female genital mutilation (fgm) is a traditional practice having affected more than 140 million girls and women worldwide although an historic practice, fgm has only recently received much attention from governments, non- governmental organisations (ngo) and national and international communities.