Human resource management is both academic theory and a business practice that addresses the theoretical and practice techniques of managing a workforce convergence and divergence another issue facing international organizations is the extent to which their human resource (hr) practices should either. Upon completion of this course, you should be able to: critically evaluate some of the most recent influential theories and models of strategic hrm and their applicability to the chinese context discuss the issues in the international debate on convergence-divergence and apply theories of hr convergence and divergence. Theory development and convergence of human resource fields: implications for human performance technology yonjoo cho, phd, and seung won yoon, phd in management and human resource (hr) fields, consensus is growing that knowledge workers are the main source of value-adding innovations that. Find out what technical analysts mean when they talk about a divergence or convergence, and how they can affect trading strategies.
12 convergence, divergence and institutional influence in international hrm convergence debate is a key feature of much social science theorising weber's bureaucracy, kerr's logic of industrialisation thesis institutional and cultural theorists doubt the concept, drawing attention to: manifest varieties of capitalism. Huselid advocates hpws, hr systems and hr architecture in hrm theory secondly american hrm has shareholder perspective because usa is shareholder economy therefore, american hrm has firm performance targets to provide more value to shareholders thirdly, american hrm considers employees. The scholars who emphasise similarities and the converging nature of hrm lean on universalistic, convergence and contingency theories, while the advocates of diverging views refer either to cultural differences or institutional explanations and also to the strategic role of hrm and core competencies in company.
Managing and developing human resources (hr) in the global setting is increasingly more challenging managing people as a firm's resource is both academic theory and business practice that must be clearly understood by ceos and the organization's movers and shakers while the theoretical aspect. Convergence theory early convergence theorists, such as harbison and myers^ and kerr et al,' assumed that the process of industrialization and the spread of for some theorists, organizations follow and adapt different hrm approaches and practices to the fit the external environment' or according to their stage of.
Critically evaluate the divergence versus convergence debate applied on the case of slovakia and the united kingdom firstly, the impacts of technology on the hr role followed by the explanation of how technology changes hrm will be discussed the theories of universalists vs contextual paradigms, and cultural vs. Harry c katz and nick wailes review some common arguments for employment relations convergence, from the logic of industrialism, to globalization and varieties of capitalism they find most explanations of subject: business and management, human resource management, organizational theory and behaviour. In view of rapid globalization and the subsequent heightened competitive pressure, it is imperative to investigate whether, as the convergence thesis has suggested, globalization is firm performance human resource management institutional theory international business study human resource management practice.
Prescribe a hrm model without analyzing the regional and socio-contextual factors inherent in oman the use of hrm for competitive advantage, however, in pursuing this convergence there are some clear many researcher have argued that the development of management theories and organization for the. Convergence and divergence theories of international hrm significance this research will address an important dearth identified in the literature with regard to hrm practices of smes in emerging economies theoretically, it is important to examine whether existing hrm theories and frameworks are relevant smes in. As a concept hrm came to researchers and practitioners in europe from the usa concepts and ideas picture and whether the advent of globalisation has led to a convergence in hrm, so that the distinctiveness of the contextual paradigm , rather than test a priori theories, looks for patterns in data, searching for an. While culturalist and institutionalist theories tend to emphasise national particularities and divergence, they are opposed to “culture free” approaches which support universalisms and international convergence (lane, 1989, p 20, gooderham et al, 2004, p 19) nevertheless, one basic difference consists in the way they.
Extending beyond the debate over convergence and divergence approaches, they are also related to standarisation and localisation of hr practices i will examine the smaller ideas contained within the theory , specifically, the ideas of convergence and divergence, in order to fully explain the argument. 4 figure 1: theories of international hrm practice globalisation / homogeneity worldwide practices ethno – centricity duality theories isomorphic theories locally differentiated practices.
Differences and similarities on fifteen dimensions of these policies and practices are statistically determined and the results interpreted in the light of relevant literature this investigation concludes that there is indeed a convergence in the use of hrm for competitive advantage however, in pursuing this convergence there. 4 globalisation/ convergence 5 implications/ discussion 2 outline (perhaps) page 4 the seminal texts (1984) where we went why that is the wrong road context – and national context comparative hrm 3 1a crossroads 1 crossroads – taking the wrong road implications for theory -. The first hypothesis suggests diffusion of 'best practices' for all three management areas - strategy, finance and hrm - to the point of convergence, in spite of national institutional and cultural factors butler, r , davies, l , pike, r and sharp, j (1993) strategic investment decisions: theory, practice and process london:.
Evidence of convergence to the us model, the european model, or a distinctive national model by marion festing hrm practices (b) convergence rooted in nor mative institutional pillars and characterized by only strong, theory-based empirical studies focus ing explicitly on various levels of analysis such as the. Theorists have speculated that as nations develop they began to converge or to develop certain traits or characteristics of other developed. The latest development in convergence theory is the concept of bounded convergence this concept argues that sometimes people management practices follow hybrid models of hrm this concept is also known as crossvergence theory arguing that it is in fact a combination of social, cultural forces as. Functions – hrm – convergence to a world-wide best practices model is clearly present for japanese and german on hrm practices in the usa, japan, and germany as the subject of our empirical study subsequently, we institutional theory (meyer & rowan, 1977 dimaggio & powell, 1983) can help us explain how.