Intergroup contact can reduce prejudice between groups however, the overwhelming number of publications supporting this claim come from societies in north america and europe that are relatively free of violent intergroup conflict after presenting the current state of research, we extend the perspective to intractable. 15 a brief history of the theory 15 support for the contact hypothesis 17 positive outcomes of intergroup contact 20 moderators of contact effects 23 salience of group membership 23 differential group status 24 generalised effects of intergroup contact 26 stellenbosch university. The contact hypothesis has proven to be highly effective in alleviating prejudice directed toward homosexuals applying the contact hypothesis to heterosexuals and homosexuals, herek (1987) found that college students who had pleasant. This video is about the contact hypothesis (see allport, 1954 brown & hewstone, 2005 pettigrew & tropp, 2006), which states that interactions between membe. Abstract this paper evaluates the state of contact hypothesis research from a policy perspective building on pettigrew and tropp's (2006) influential meta- analysis, we assemble all intergroup contact studies that feature random assignment and delayed outcome measures, of which there are 27 in total, nearly two-thirds of. Abstract one of the leading theories advocated for reducing intergroup conflict is the contact hypothesis according to this theory, contact under certain con.
Abstract allport specified four conditions for optimal intergroup contact: equal group status within the situation, common goals, intergroup cooperation and authority support varied research supports the hypothesis, but four prob- lems remain 1 a selection bias limits cross-sectional studies, since preju- diced people. This paper evaluates the state of contact hypothesis research from a policy perspective building on pettigrew and tropp's (2006) influential meta-analysis, we assemble all intergroup contact studies that feature random assignment and delayed outcome measures, of which there are 27 in total, nearly. Was to become known as the intergroup contact hypothesis as part of their influential brief to the brown v board of education case, social psychologists ( including kenneth b clark, isodor chein, and stuart cook) argued that contact between black and white students would reduce prejudice and improve intergroup.
Turner, 2009) recently proposed a new perspective on intergroup contact, a perspective that provides a powerful addendum to the original hypothesis the perspective combines accumulated research on contact theory with recent advances in social cognition, and builds on allport's original assertion that social behavior. Here, i report the results of a randomized controlled trial testing the causal effects of repeated intergroup contact, in which spanish-speaking confederates were randomly assigned to be the ates and associated ses allow me to reject the null hypothesis of no effect with a high degree of confidence. Ds crystal, m killen, m ruckit is who you know that counts: intergroup contact and judgments about race-based exclusion journal of british developmental psychology, 26 (2008), pp 51-70 de amicis and castelli, 2004 l de amicis, l castellirelazione fra pari: quando intrattenere rapporti positivi con un bambino in. Amir seeks to discover the conditions under which intergroup contact leads to improved intergroup relations intergroup contact is commonly believed to reduce prejudice and intergroup tension yet there is also evidence that intergroup contact may have no positive effect on prejudice, or may even exacerbate tensions.
Origins of the contact hypothesis the macro-contexts of intergroup contact notes towards an expanded intergroup contact hypothesis / loose frameworks rather than testable theory / cold cognition stressed to the near exclusion of affective factors / similarities stressed as social bonds to the near exclusion of differences / an. Tial for contact to promote positive intergroup outcomes ford (1986) examined 53 papers (from six journals) on contact he found support for the contact hypothesis to be, at best, “premature” and that the research presented in these papers was “grossly insufficient in representing the various settings of daily life” ( ford 1986. Gordon allport's contact hypothesis has been greatly advanced over the decades into what is now called contact theory the application of the theory toward the improvement of intergroup relations has had the effect of concealing the fact that contact theory is fundamentally a prejudice theory and not a theory of.
We propose a communication analogue to allport's (1954) contact hypothesis called the parasocial contact hypothesis (pch) if people process mass- mediated parasocial interaction in a manner similar to interpersonal interaction, then the socially beneficial functions of intergroup contact may result from parasocial. Psychology the basic premise of the contact hypothesis is that contact between individuals who belong to different groups can foster the development of more positive out-group attitudes why is the issue of intergroup contact so popular in social psychology research a possible answer is that prejudice and conflict remain. Theory reflections: contact theory / contact hypothesis / intergroup contact in the field of education abroad,1 a good deal of research has been carried out in the past several years where findings support tenets of the “contact hypothesis” 2 in the arenas of both language learning and intercultural learning, it has been.
J pers soc psychol 2008 oct95(4):843-60 doi: 101037/a0011434 a test of the extended intergroup contact hypothesis: the mediating role of intergroup anxiety, perceived ingroup and outgroup norms, and inclusion of the outgroup in the self turner rn(1), hewstone m, voci a, vonofakou c author information: (1)institute. Intergroup contact: the past, present, and the future john f dovidio colgate university samuel l gaertner university of delaware kerry kawakami york university the contact hypothesis has long been considered one of psychology's most effective strategies for improving intergroup relations in this article, we. In the present world, it is this recognition of the benefits of contact that drives modern school exchanges and cross-group buddy schemes in the years since allport's initial intergroup contact hypothesis, much research has been devoted to expanding and exploring his contact hypothesis in this article i will review some of. Studies have found that the contact effect is stronger in regions and countries where large immigrant populations contribute to high levels of contextual group threat this paper tests the robustness keywords: contact hypothesis, prejudice, group threat, intergroup relations, european social survey, multilevel modelling.
A key work laying out some of the potential limitations of contact theory was the reduction of intergroup tensions, a monograph by the cornell university sociologist robin williams jr williams laid out 102 propositions — empirically testable ones — concerning under what conditions contact might or might. Contact hypothesis bibliography the contact hypothesis holds that contact between the members of different groups tends to reduce whatever negative intergroup attitudes may exist the greater the contact, the less the antipathy this idea is a crucial part of the broader theory that ethnic antagonism (as shown in. In criminology, psychology, and sociology, the contact hypothesis has been described as one of the best ways to improve relations among groups that are experiencing conflict gordon w allport is often credited with the development of the contact hypothesis, also known as intergroup contact theory the premise of. The contact hypothesis one of the most heavily studied techniques for prejudice reduction is intergroup contact (hewstone & brown, 1986) in the nature of prejudice, gordon allport (1954, p 281) hypothesized that: prejudice (unless deeply rooted in the character structure of the individual) may be reduced by equal.